We can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always do your research first or ask a professional herbalist before using a plant medicinally.

The Sanskrit name of the herbs is in red, the Indonesian name is in green. The English names haves a link to purchase the herb in capsule form.

(Knowing the herbs’ names in the 4 languages helps you to become familiar with the different sources that you’ll find online about the herbs):

  • Cubeb Pepper berries / Kemukus (Piper cubeba) [Gandhamarica] – Expels mucus, clears the mind, increases concentration and mental strength. Enhances male sexual endurance. Has a purifying effect, darkens the hair, and eliminates bodily odors. Can be used in various food preparations. Well-known in German heilkunde since medieval times and is mentioned by Hildegard von Bingen.
  • Moringa Leaf (Moringa oleifera) [Shobhanjana] – Very popular as a natural leaf powder supplement, although the pods, roots, bark, flowers, seeds, and fruits are also edible. Almost all parts of the Moringa oleifera tree can be eaten or used as herbal medicine. Main recommended use: As a natural multivitamin.
  • Parameria Leaf / Kayu Rapet (Parameria laevigata) Traditionally used to tighten vaginal tissues after childbirth. After 3 months of regular use, it can restore the vaginal canal to its size and shape of before the pregnancy. It is also useful in cases of hemorrhoids, ulcers, muscle pain, and to firm up the skin. Main recommended use: To tighten vagina, muscles and skin.
  • Java Tea Leaf / Cat’s Whiskers / Kumis Kucing (Orthosiphon aristatus) [Arjak] – The “Kidney Stones Breaker”, this herb protects and regenerates the kidneys and helps to break kidney stones, thus avoiding a very painful condition. Main recommended use: To avoid the very painful occurrence of kidney stones & strengthen kidneys
  • Stonebreaker / Meniran (Phyllanthus urinaria) – Dissolves kidney stones
  • Papaya Leaf (Carica papaya) – Has a very complete amino acids profile. It is also known as one of the only remedies against dengue fever (antibiotics do not work against dengue). Due to its great amino acids profile, it is also excellent for skin, hair and beauty purpose. Very bitter, it can be taken with Stevia or Longevity Spinach to attenuate its taste. Main recommended use: For dengue fever, and for a vegan source of amino acids (proteins).
  • Guava Leaf (Psidium guajava) [Peruka] – Guava leaf is full of compounds like lycopene, quercetin and polyphenols that have been proven to help against cancer. It improves immunity and helps in excreting waste from the body. It also prevents the formation of kidney stones. Main recommended use: As a herbal tea, anti-cancer help and kidney stones prevention.
  • Comfrey / Knitbone / (Symphytum officinale) – Excellent for wound healing, bone and skin repair
  • Graviola Leaf (Annona muricata) [Krishnabija] – Has been shown in many scientific studies to protect against cancer and support the natural healing of various types of cancers. Main recommended use: As a natural help against cancer and powerful antifungal.
  • Black Cumin Seed (Nigella sativa) [Kalonji] – Has many effects that generally improve homeostasis. A general tonic and for rejuvenation.
  • Pomegranate skin (Punica granatum) [Dadima] – A beauty herb that prevents wrinkles and other signs of aging. Acts acts as a natural moisturiser, effective facial scrub, arrests hair loss and prevents dandruff. Main recommended use: Great for skin and hair.

Classical Ayurvedic Herbs

  • Gotu Kola Leaf (Centella asiatica) [Mandukaparni] – A rasayana (herb which ensures longevity), a blood and cerebral tonic and also an excellent beauty herb that promotes beautiful skin by increasing collagen production and carrying away toxins. Excellent for skin and hair, can be eaten as a vegetable.
  • Neem Leaf (Azadirachta indica) [Nimba] – Very beneficial to the skin, nails, scalp, teeth and gums and detoxifies the blood. Neem leaves are among the most complex on the planet, with over 130 different active compounds. Main recommended use: For general purification and detoxification.
  • Kalamegha / Sambiloto (Andrographis paniculata) – Known as the “King of Bitters”. This is one of the herbs which is difficult to swallow if not encapsulated. Is helps with hepatitis and gonorrhea and is seen as an alternative to antibiotics. Rich in enzymes! Nootropic, detoxifier, longevity herb. As effective as Milk Thistle for Liver. Used for detox and fasting. One of the best Liver tonics and detoxifiers. Used during fasting retreats.
  • Guduchi / Brotowali (Tinospora crispa) – Also known as amrit in Sanskrit, is one of the most valued herbs in Ayurveda. It is a general adoptogen which increases resistance to stress, anxiety and illness. Main recommended use: For general homeostasis.
  • Apamarga / Sangketan (Achyranthes aspera) [Apāmārga] Good herbal cure to treat pain in tooth. Apāmārga leaf powder extract provide relief from toothache. Its roots are used for brushing teeth. It helps to tighten the gums.
  • Chastetree / Legundi (Vitex trifolia) [Nirgundi] – A prime Ayurvedic herb
  • Urang-Aring (Eclipta alba) [Bhringraj] – One of the most powerful Ayurvedic herbs. Mind tonic and hair rejuvenator
  • Ajwain / Bishop’s Weed (Aegopodium podagraria) [Ajamodika, Bhutika]
  • Costus (Saussurea lappa) [Kushta] – A herb widely used by the ancient Indian yogis

Usage-specific herbs

  • Gall Oak (Quercus infectoria) [Manjakani] – Used as dental powder and in the treatment of toothache and gingivitis. Also used as a thickener in stews or mixed with cereals for making bread. Main recommended use: As an ingredient in tooth powder, together with Longevity Spinach.
  • Pale Catechu (Uncaria gambir) – Used externally only, to reduce dark spots, wrinkled and dull skin that result from aging. Pale Catechu is formed into a mask to reduce all the symptoms of premature aging. This results in skin that is firmer, brighter and fresher.
  • Indian Screw (Helicteres isora) [Mrigashringa] – Astringent, constipating. Useful in colic, scabies, biliousness, gastric problems, diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery and stomachache. Main recommended use: The ultimate stomach and intestine healing herb.
  • Strychnine Tree rhizome / Bidara Upas (Merremia mammosa) – Used to treat Syphilis
  • Rosary Pea / Daun Saga (Abrus precatorius) [Gulaganji] – Used in Siddha medicine for centuries for various mysterious medicinal purposes. Modern use is mostly for hair growth. Can be used as a herbal shampoo powder.
  • Sabah Snake Grass / Dandang Gendis (Clinacanthus nutans lindau) – Used in treating skin rashes, insects and snake bites, lesions caused by herpes simplex virus, diabetes, and gout
  • Rodent Tuber / Keladi Tikus (Typhonium flagelliforme) – Tastes bitter and is slightly toxic. It detoxifies fast and is useful in the treatment of lymphatic problems, as well as a traditional help against breast, lung, colon, lymphoma, leukaemia and liver cancer.

Medicinal Fruits

  • Indian Jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana) [Badri] – Reduces anxiety, increases general strength. Used topically, it improves wound healing and reduces wrinkles and other signs of aging. Main recommended use: For skin beauty, wound healing and to reduce anxiety
  • Star Gooseberry / Daun Katuk (Sauropus androgynus) – Made of a high 6.4% protein from nutritious leaves that taste like peas. It is known to improve the flow of breast milk for breastfeeding mothers. It is used as an ingredient in natural meal replacement powders, along herbs such as Ashitaba, Moringa and Noni.
  • Noni Fruit (Morinda citrifolia) [Ashyuka] – Because of its very rich nutritional profile, Noni was consumed as a survival or staple food in many cultures and is used medicinally as a general tonic. Great natural multivitamin and food substitute.
  • Gooseberry (Phyllanthus acidus)

Medicinal Turmerics and Gingers

  • Turmeric (Curcuma longa) [Haridra] – The effects of Turmeric are too many to list here, but it is chiefly known for it’s outstanding anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, brain protection and mood-lifting qualities.
    • Main recommended use: Anti-radiation (5G, Wifi, etc) protection and brain regeneration.
  • White Turmeric / Zedoary / Temu Putih (Curcuma zedoaria) – Used for the treatment of menstrual disorders, dyspepsia, vomiting and to help with cancer healing. Tastes like a combination of mango, turmeric, and ginger. Used to fight various poisonings and to kill worms. Can be used as a tea in combination with with Peppermint, Ginger, Cinnamon, Honey
    • Main recommended use: As a general anti-parasitic and rejuvenating herb.
  • Black Turmeric / Temu Hitam / Temu Ireng (Curcuma aeruginosa) [Kali Haldi] – A very bitter and powerful root, that has been shown very effective against cancer and also for any type of lung diseases. Also an exceptional antioxidant. Another Black Turmeric belongs to the species Curcuma caesia
    • Main recommended use: As a natural help against cancer and powerful antioxidant.
  • Javanese Turmeric / Temu Lawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza) – Traditionally used for indigestion, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), intestinal gas, stomach disorders, and liver and gallbladder disorders. It is also a powerful antiseptic herb that shouldn’t be taken more than three months in a row.
    • Main recommended use: Anti-inflamatory, to treat liver disorders like jaundice and gallstones.
  • Curcuma heyneana / Temu Giring Strong antiaging properties
  • Galanga / Kencur (Kaempferia galanga) [Karcurah] – Used as a mild aphrodisiac, and also for powdered incense, which increases energy and awareness, and dissipates fatigue, melancholy, and sadness. It helps to create a peaceful and contemplative internal environment.
    • Main recommended use: As a tea, as an ingredient in herbal formulas, or as an incense.
  • Greater Galanga / Lengkuas (Alpinia galanga) [Rasna] – Has many applications in traditional medicine for skin diseases, enlarged spleen, respiratory diseases, mouth or stomach cancer. Anti-bacterial, anti-fungal.
    • Main recommended use: A medicinal herb that can be used to spice foods.
  • Bitter Ginger / Pinecone Ginger / Lempuyang (Zingiber zerumbet) – One of the many types of Indonesian medicinal gingers, whose properties are not fully established and requires some experimentation. Each of these gingers has shown special properties to heal various ailments. Do your research. It is also used as a natural shampoo and conditioner. The zerumbone in Bitter Ginger inhibits the activation of NF-kappaB and NF-kappaB-regulated gene expression, which means strong rejuvenation effects
  • Bengal root / Cassumunar Ginger / Bangle (Zingiber purpureum / cassumunar) – Same here. Cassumunar Ginger is also called “Purple Ginger” and comes with very unique characteristics
  • Emprit Ginger / Sunti Ginger (Zingiber majus rumph)

Zingiber flower

Aphrodisiac Herbs (vajikarana)

  • Longjack Root / Pasak Bumi (Eurycoma longifolia) – An aphrodisiac that also helps with male infertility, boosting athletic performance, bodybuilding and reducing body fat.
    • Main recommended use: As a male aphrodisiac and testosterone booster.
  • Tribulus Leaf (Tribulus terrestris) [Gokshura] – Increases production of testosterone. Women who take it regain regular ovulation, they gain improved fertility. It can even cause menopausal symptoms to disappear, with few or no mood swings.
    • Main recommended use: As a male and female aphrodisiac and for athletic performance.
  • Labisia Leaf (Labisia pumila) – Used for centuries as a powerful female aphrodisiac and normalizer of the female sexual functions.
    • Main recommended use: Female aphrodisiac.
  • Purwoceng (Pimpinella pruatjan) – A general tonic and energy enhancer that is often used as a male and female aphrodisiac. A rare herb that grows only in certain parts of Southeast Asia and has to be sustainably harvested.
    • Main recommended use: As a general tonic, male and female aphrodisiac
  • Pulosari (Alyxia stellata) – Aphrodisiac powder, which is traditionally enhanced by mixing it with Long Pepper, Ginger and Honey.
    • Main recommended use: As an aphrodisiac.
  • Javanese Ginseng (Talinum paniculatum) – Effects similar to Korean Ginseng, but cheaper.
    • Main recommended use: Anti-aging, anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, male and female aphrodisiac
  • Black Tongkat Ali Roots (Polyalthia bullata)
  • Red Tongkat Ali Roots (Stema Tuberosa Jack)
  • Pranajiwa (Euchresta horsfieldii) – A very rare herb that replenishes your sexual power. Do your own research

Aphrodisiac herbal laddu

Medicinal Vegetables

  • Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia) [Karela] – Often drank as a tea (sometimes called “Bitter Gourd Tea”, but is actually Bitter Melon) or as a juice (Karela juice). It is great to help with diabetes. Main recommended use: For purifying the blood and kidneys.
  • Longevity Spinach / Sambung Nyawa (Gynura procumbens) – Known to help with accelerated wound healing, skin diseases and to cover the bitter taster of other herbs. Can be used as a medicinal toothpaste powder. Main recommended use: In formulas to cover the bitter taste, anti-herpes, for wound healing
  • Broadleaf Plantain (Plantago major) – Is applied to wounds, sores, and stings to promote healing. Can also be ingested to put an easy stop to diarrhea. Decoctions of it are useful to the kidneys and bowels. Main recommended use: As an external ointment to heal wounds and any skin issues.
  • Wild Cosmos / King’s Salad / Ulam Raja / Daun Kenikir (Cosmos caudatus kunth – Helps to treat cancer
  • Sembung Leaves (Blumea balsamifera) – A medicinal vegetable. Is said to ward off spirits
  • Gynura Divaricata / Daun Dewa (the “Leaf of the Gods”)
  • Keppel Apple (Stelechocarpus burahol) – A rare fruit that grow only in Java

Sacred Plants

  • Sacred Lotus leaves (Nelumbo nucifera)
  • Asoka (Saraca asoka)
  • Holy Basil / Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) – The most sacred plant in the Vaishnava tradition of Hinduism. Protects against EMF radiations
  • Sandalwood Bark / White Sandal Tree (Santalum Album) – One of the most sacred herbs in all South Asian traditions

Others (in progress)

Medicinal Spices and Aromatic Herbs

  • Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) [Methika] – Fenugreek is often included as an ingredient in spice blends. It adds flavor to foods. It is also used as a male aphrodisiac. Helps digestion. Main recommended use: For tasty and aphrodisiac food preparations.
  • Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) [Jatiphala] – Expectorant, vermifuge, aphrodisiac and nervine tonic. It is often used to improve the taste of other herbal formulations. Main recommended use: For disorders related to the nervous and digestive systems.
  • Bay Leaf (Syzygium polyanthum) [Tamaalpatra] – Used as a food flavoring. Stimulates the digestive enzymes. It is used to reduce the ama (toxins) in the body. Main recommended use: Add in foods for taste, better digestions and toxin elimination.


A basic ayurvedic principle is that your taste buds need to feel the taste of the herbs (no matter how bitter).

That’s why traditionally we use herbal tablets, called vati in Sanskrit (where your tongue can actually touch the herbs) instead of capsules.

Primitiva in Bali still follows that principle and sells herbal tablets:


  • Trikatu is a bio-enhancer formula made of Long pepper, Black Pepper and Ginger
    • Ginger (Ziginber officinal) [Ardraka] – A cleansing herb, used for clearing toxins. It is part of the famed herbal formula called Triphala. It is a powerful herb which should not be taken alone for extended periods of time.
    • Javanese Long Pepper / Cabe Jawa (Piper retrofractum) [Chavya] – Similar effects and taste to Long Pepper (Piper longum). Piper retrofractum is one in the Panchakola churna (herbal formula) in Ayurveda, it is said to be a good rejuvenator. Protects against the effects of radiation. Main recommended use: Increases absorption of other herbs.

Herbal Tooth Powders

Tooth Powder Recipe: use equal parts of:

  • Neem Leaf – very powerful antibacterial herb. Neem twigs ware traditionally used as toothbrushes. Strengthens the enamel and heals any lesions of the gums
  • Javanese Turmeric Root – cleanses and whitens the teeth while stimulating the gums
  • Gall Oak – strengthens the teeth
  • Clove – one the most powerful antibacterial herbs, relieves toothaches and caries
  • Peppermint Leaf – relieves gum inflammation, gives a refreshing taste
  • Cinnamon – stimulates the gums, astringent, antimicrobial, gives taste

According to Ayurvedic scriptures, brushing the teeth must be done with herbs that are astringent, pungent and/or bitter.

So, do not be surprised if the taste of the powder is bitter.

How to use:

  • Humidify your toothbrush and touch the powder. Then brush your teeth normally.
  • We recommend that you use natural bamboo toothbrushes instead of plastic toothbrushes.

Herbal Teas

  • Hibiscus Flower (Hibiscus sabdariffa) [Japapushpa] – A delicious ruby-red flower that promotes hair growth, skin healing, collagen production and prevents and in some cases reverses greying of hair.
    • Main recommended use: As a delicious, fruity, refreshing cold tea.
  • Ashitaba Leaf (Angelica keiskei) [Ashita] – A detoxifier of cells, very high in chlorophyll, a substance that has a molecular structure similar to that of human blood and many other vital nutrients. It is one of the highest vegan sources of vitamnin B12. Ashitaba is also one of the most antioxidant vegetables. Main recommended use: As a natural multivitamin and alkalinizer
  • Sappanwood slivers (Caesalpinia sappan) [Pattanga] – Invigorates and purifies the blood. It is used to make a famous pink-colored herbal drink with a deep, woody taste called Patimukham, by mixing it with Ginger, Cinnamon and Cloves which is known to satiates thirst.
  • Tulsi
  • Moringa tea

Sappanwood can be had as a tea or as capsules

Herbs and their adjuvants (anupanas)

  • Anupana, in Sanskrit, are natural bioenhancerrs adjuvant or “carrier substance” that maximize herbal absorption:
  • In Ayurveda, there is always a specific adjuvant mentioned for carrying an herb or even food.
  • Adjuvants are carriers. They help in the easy breaking down of food particles or herb particles
  • Ayurveda states that when an herb is consumed along with a certain co-substance or adjuvant (anupana), it makes it easier for the body tissues to utilize that herb.
  • Adjuvants help in easy digestion and assimilation of food and herbs
  • They enhance the bioavailability of nutrients present in the food or herb. They help avoid or attenuate any adverse effects.
  • All proper Ayurvedic formulations are therefore processed with active bioenhancers such as Turmeric, Licorice, Pippali, Triphala, Aloevera, Guduchi, Ghee, etc
  • Trikatu for example contains Piperine, which is a great bio-enhancer phytochemical
  • Modern medicine has rediscovered what was always known in Ayureda – that some natural additives to herbal formulations improves the bio-availability and bio-efficacy of a drug without itself acting as a drug.

How to increase the absorption of medicinal herbs:

  • with bioenhancers
  • with ghee
  • with honey
  • with ghee and honey
  • with hot water
  • with apple cider vinegar
  • in oxymels and electuaries

Storing and using Herbal Powders

  • Powders can be stored for 2-6 months.
  • If a fresh decoction is prepared at home, it should be consumed within 12 hours.
  • Once herbs are powdered to your liking, bag/bottle, label, and store them correctly.
  • If your plan is to use your powdered herbs in capsules, it’s best to do this immediately after powdering in order to keep as much oxygen as possible away from the herbal powder.
  • You can fill capsules by hand or you can use a capsule machine to make quick work of it.
  • Herbal capsules can be stored for up to 12 months.

Determining the Dosage

  • For all herbal powders, the advised dose is generally 1-3 grams in divided doses per day.
  • If decoction is advised, the usual dose is 30-50 ml once or twice per day.
  • The dose of the bioenhancer (anupana) is usually 5 percent of the total weight.